Anti-corruption agencies (ACAs) are a vital part of Australia’s national integrity system, relied on by community and government to lead the exposure of official corruption, head off emergent corruption risks, and ensure action to build confidence in Australia’s corruption resilience.
However there is growing confusion – in government and publicly – about the adequacy of Australia’s institutional arrangements for fighting corruption, including:
variable, inconsistent or missing legal definitions of official corruption;
whether ACA’s efforts are properly prioritised, proactive and coordinated with other agencies;
insufficient confidence that action is being taken to deal properly with individuals who engage in or benefit from corrupt conduct that is uncovered;
whether ACAs have the right powers, sufficient resources and necessary independence from government;
adequacy of accountability, oversight and performance assurance arrangements; and
gaps in arrangements at the Australian federal government level…
Transparency International has ranked New Zealand’s public sector again as the least corrupt in the world. New Zealand scored 89, edging ahead of Denmark in the Corruption Perceptions Index 2017 after both countries shared the first position last year.The index compiled by Transparency International, a non-government organisation, ranks countries annually by their perceived levels of public sector corruption. The Corruption Perceptions Index captures the views of analysts, businesspeople and experts in countries around the world. It is a composite index of different international surveys and assessments of corruption, collected by a variety of institutions.
Corruption does not represent a substantial obstacle to doing business in Canada. The country possesses clear-cut regulations and transparent, reliable courts. Numerous corruption investigations raise concern about corruption, illegal financing, and kickbacks in the construction sector and in public procurement. Nevertheless, the government has well-functioning mechanisms in place to investigate and punish corruption and abuse of office. The Criminal Code of Canada is the principal anti-corruption legislation, prohibiting corruption, bribery, influence peddling, extortion and abuse of office. Facilitation payments, gift-giving, and foreign bribery are criminalized under the Corruption of Foreign Public Officials Act (CFPOA) and are uncommon in practice. The law’s extended jurisdiction permits Canadian courts to prosecute corruption committed by companies and individuals abroad. Canada’s anti-corruption legislation is vigorously enforced, and companies and officials guilty of violating Canadian law are being effectively investigated, prosecuted and convicted.
Around the world, corruption saps economic growth, hinders development, destabilizes governments, undermines democracy, and provides openings for dangerous groups like criminals, traffickers, and terrorists.The U.S. Department of State has made anti-corruption a national security priority and works across the globe to prevent graft, promote accountability, and empower reformers.The Department’s global anti-corruption efforts have three elements:
Preventing Corruption & Increasing Accountability: We assist countries committed to tackling corruption by both strengthening democratic institutions and building new support for reform by empowering citizen advocates to hold governments accountable to global standards.
Strengthening Law Enforcement Across Borders: We work with global partners to enhance law enforcement cooperation across borders, improve data sharing between major financial hubs, and develop tools to recover stolen assets.
Tackling the Corruption-Security Nexus: We address corruption in the security arena, exposing how corruption threatens national security and the ability to protect citizens, defeat terrorists, and defend national sovereignty.
By prioritizing anti-corruption, the Department of State seeks to make it even harder for criminals and terrorists to take root and spread, to promote governments that are more stable and accountable, and to level the playing field for U.S. businesses to compete in every region.